Dewan Kerajinan Dunia, or World Craft Council (WCC) has named Yogyakarta as the World Batik City on October 18, 2014, in the city of Dongyang, China. Yogyakarta is considered to have fulfilled the seven criteria (historical value, originality, preservation, economic value, eco-friendly, global value and sustainability).
Obtaining the title above is certainly something to be thankful for, as well as giving Special Region of Yogyakarta an obvious responsibility to always maintain and develop continuously all 7 criteria above, in addition to showing the people of Indonesia and the world audience that we really “worth” the title.
To that end, there will be Jogja International Batik Biennale (JIBB) 2016 of which the main events will be held on October 12-16, 2016 in Yogyakarta, which aims to contribute to the development of batik in Indonesia and also act as a chance to raise the batik tradition in the world.
Picture caption: World Craft Council Delegates from around the world
Yogyakarta, June 20th, 2016
Dr. Ir. Didik Purwadi, M. Ec
General Chairman of Organizing Committee
Opening Remarks from the Chairman of Dekranasda D.I. Yogyakarta
Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.
Jogja, Batik City of the World. A prestigious predicate and achievement obtained by Special Region of Yogyakarta given by World Crafts Council (WCC) Asia Pacific Regional Area, an international self-sufficiency institution affiliated with UNESCO and focusing on increasing the appreciation of the various activities and issues of Craft Community (Komunitas Kriya) in the world. Yogyakarta has a variety of features that has been recognized both in the community and abroad. As a city that has a history of culture with the noble values that remain stable until now, I think Yogyakarta is comparable when juxtaposed with other historic cities in the world. One of them is proven at the time of conferment of Yogyakarta as the World Batik City, along with Dongyang City – China as a World City of Wood Carving and Donique City – Chile as World City of Chamantos.
Jogja International Batik Biennale 2016 that will be held on October 12-16 2016 in Yogyakarta is one of our manifested responsibility to the said title, Yogyakarta — the World Batik City. This international event will be attended by participants from around the world and hosts various discussions, fashion shows, fairs, carnivals and art visits — batik in particular and craftings art in general. This event is expected to open the eyes of the world that Indonesia possesses cultural, artistic and economic potentials as well as education level that is equivalent to other developed countries.
With the presence of Yogyakarta as the World Batik City, then the whole Indonesian Batik would benefit because Yogyakarta is considered as the eldest son who has opened the door for Indonesian Batik in the eyes of the world.
As the Chairman of the National Crafts Council of Yogyakarta region, I appeal to all of the stakeholders to fully support the implementation of the Jogja International Batik Biennale 2016. Thank you.
Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Hemas
Batik Indonesia is a Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, as inscribed by UNESCO in October 2, 2009. As stated in the UNESCO, 2009:
- Batik is traditional handcrafted textile rich in intangible cultural values, passed down for generations in Java and elsewhere made by applying dots and lines of hot wax to cloth using chanting or copper stamps, as resist to hand-dyeing later removed by boiling and/or scraping, repeating the process for each color.
- Batik patterns and motifs possess deep symbolism related to social status, local community, nature, history and cultural heritage
- Indonesian Batik: The techniques, symbolism and culture surrounding hand-dyed cotton and silk garments known as Indonesian Batik permeate the lives of Indonesians from beginning to end: infants are carried in batik slings decorated with symbols designed to bring the child luck, and the dead are shrouded in funerary batik.
In 2014, Yogyakarta was declared by the World Craft Council as the World Batik City. Batik of Yogyakarta meets the criteria to be the World Crafts City from the historical value, originality, conservation efforts through regeneration (transgeneration), economic value, environmental friendly, international reputation, and consistency.
Located within the Yogyakarta Special Region, the city of Yogyakarta is known as a center of classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, royal dance, folk dance, drama, music, poetry, many types of crafts / folk arts and puppet shows. It is also one of Indonesia’s most renowned centers of higher education. At the city’s center is the Sultan’s palace called the Kraton Yogyakarta, and the smaller palace lead by the PakuAlam X called the Puro Pakualaman. While the city sprawls in all directions from the kraton, the core of the modern city is to the north.
There are over 75,000 handicraft makers that spread out in the villages and urban villages all over in Yogyakarta Special Region producing everything from key chains to furniture. Most of the crafts, including batik, in Yogyakarta relates to the agriculture and the activities of women who works at home while raising her children. And Batik has developed since ancient time even before the establishment of Borobodur temple (Mataram Buddha’s Kingdom in 7th century.
In compare to the other areas of batik in Java, the batik from Jogja has directly connection to the original of Mataram batik. As in the Giyanti Treaty in 1755, the Islamic Mataram was divided into 2 (two) Kingdoms, there are Solo and Yogyakarta. Based on the manuscript “SeratJati Sari”, 3 important components from Islamic Kingdoms of Mataram should be brought to Yogyakarta rulers. There are customs, heirlooms, and culture. This is including batik motifs and styles. Currently, Batik (hand painted and stamped) are spread out in the area of Yogyakarta city, Bantul, Sleman, KulonProgo, Gunungkidul in Yogyakarta Special Territory.
Since the inscription of Batik as UNESCO Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009, the curiosity people on how is called batik tradition has increased. Moreover, when Yogyakarta declared as the World Batik City the questions have flourished. What is referred to Yogyakarta batik? What are the outstanding of Yogyakarta that makes Yogyakarta declared as a World Batik City? Meanwhile, as well as other variety of folk arts, innovation from time to time is always developed. The question than, how is the innovation of batik without ignoring the tradition.
Reflecting the challenges of batik development in Yogyakarta as well as other place in Indonesia and other countries, the proposed overall theme of the International Symposium is ”Batik: Traditions for Innovations”. Meanwhile, the Organizing Committee intends to publically share new knowledge from many distinguished speakers and experts from this symposium through Public Lectures program in various universities and local institutions.
- Developing a network, both on national and international scale, for the community of fans, enthusiasts, and lovers of batik.
- Encouraging closer cooperation from various regions in Indonesia and the other countries in the world who make and produce textiles with batik method.
- Establishing a forum as a means of communication and discussion of the art of batik and batik cultural heritage-based industries from around the world.
- As a means of exchanging experience in technical terms and methods of making batik, the innovation in the technological development of making batik and its marketing strategies.
- Finding a solution to the long-term problem from economic growth as well as increasing the capacity of batik artisans in terms of their excellency in batik crafting art on a global scale and broader support by batik industry.
Government of Special Territory of Yogyakarta
Organizing Committee of Jogja International Batik Biennale
in collaboration with:
Government of Special Territory of Yogyakarta
National Craft Council of Indonesia Yogyakarta Region
Based on DECISION OF THE GOVERNOR OF SPECIAL REGION OF YOGYAKARTA NO.2/PAN/2016 ON THE FORMATION OF THE COMMITTEE OF JOGJA INTERNATIONAL BATIK BIENNALE 2016
Governor of Daerah lstimewa Yogyakarta
Deputy Governor of Daerah lstimewa Yogyakarta
General Chairman of Dekranas Pusat
Sri Adiningsih (Chairman of Wastimpres)
Prof. Rahadi Ramelan, Yayasan Batik Indonesia
Dr. Erni Cahyo Kumolo, Dekranas Pusat
Chairman of Kadin DIY
Mayor of Yogyakarta
Mayor of Bantul
Mayor of Kulonprogo
Mayor of Sleman
Mayor of Gunungkidul
Chief of Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik Yogyakarta
Edric Ong, World Craft Council (WCC)
Ir. Hesti Indah Kresnarini, Dekranas Pusat
Beni Sutrisno, API Pusat
DR. Ir. Larasati Suliantoro Sulaiman, SekarJagad
Prieyo Pratomo HDII
Chairman I: GKR Hemas, Chairman of Dekranasda DIY
Chairman II Keistimewaan Assistant of Setda DIY
Chairman III: Economic and Development Assistant of Setda DIY
Chief of Disperindag DIY
Chief of Dinas Kebudayaan DIY
Chief of Dinas Pariwisata DIY
Chief of Dinas Pendidikan, Pemuda dan Olahraga DIY
Chief of Bappeda DIY
Chief of Badan Lingkungan Hidup DIY
Chief of Biro Administrasi Perekonomian dan SDA Setda DIY
Chairman I: Herry Zudianto, Ak
Chairman II Robby Kusumaharta
GKBRA Adipati Pakualam
Chairman of Dekranasda Kota Yogyakarta
Chairman of Dekranasda Kab. Bantul
Chairman of Dekranasda Kab. Sleman
Chairman of Dekranasda Kab. Kulonprogo
Chairman of Dekranasda Kab. Gunungkidul
General Chairman: Dr. Ir. Didik Purwadi, M.Ec.
Chairman I: Ir. Syahbenol Hasibuan, Dekranasda DIY
Chairman II: Zainal Arifin, B.Sc., Dekranasda DIY
Chairman III: Ir. Polin MW Napitupulu, M.Si.
Chairman IV: M. Arief Budiman, P3| DIY
Chairman V: Dr. Ir. Laretna Trisnantari, M.Arch.
Secretary I: Ronni M Guritno, SH., Dekranasda DIY
Secretary II: Drs. Bayu Haryana, M.Si., Disperindag DIY
Treasurer: Ir. Retno Pratiwi, S. Teks., Dekranasda DIY
Public Relation & Media: Drg. Eddy Purjanto
Protocol: Bagian Protokol Pemda DIY & Suryo Baskoro, UGM
Sponsorship: Wawan Harmawan, Kadinda DIY & Iwan Susanto, API DIY
Transportation and Accommodation: Bagus Ardhi Baliantoro, MPI DIY
Documentation: Ir. Benyamin, Agatha Photo
Batik Workshop: Suharyanto, ST, MT, Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik DIY
Batik Fashion: Apip Syakur, Sekar Jagad DIY
Ninik Darmawan, N-Workshop Jogja
KRT. Thomas Haryonagoro, Ullen Sentalu
Djandjang Purwo Sedjati, ISI Yogyakarta
Carnival: Putu Kertiyasa, Dinas Pariwisata DIY
Dra. RR. Ani Srimulyani, Disperindag DIY
Budi Virgono, Dekranasda DIY
Satriyo Indarto, JEC
Batik Resources Center: Farida, Dipl. Teks, M.Sc., Balai Besar Kerajinan dan Batik DIY
Dimas/Diajeng Batik: Lia Mustafa, IFC DIY & Indah Rahayu Murnihati, SE., Dekranasda DIY
Gala Dinner: Edi Setijono, PT. Taman Borobudur-Prambanan
WCC Meeting: Rahadi Saptata Abra, Kadin DIY